PULITZER-PRIZE WINNING PHOTOGRAPHERS
*WARNING-THE BLOG CONTAINS GRAPHIC IMAGES THAT MAY BE DISTURBING TO VIEWERS. VIEWERS DISCRETION ADVISED*
In every blog, we will discuss different types of photography and how they impact us. Still, today we will discuss the topic relevant to the people who captured prize-winning photographs and mesmerize our hearts and respect. Now we will explore Pulitzer Prize-Winning Photographers.
HISTORY OF PULITZER PRIZE
Pulitzer was named after the infamous publisher, Joseph Pulitzer. He was a well-known publisher of a popular newspaper called St.Louise’s Post Dispatch and New York World. Later on, he became a very well known face as a leading national figure in the Democratic Party. He was born on March 4, 1885, in Mako, Kingdom of Hungary. The cut-throat competition between his creation ‘World’ and William Rudolf Heart’s creation ‘New York Journal’ gave rise to a very new concept: Yellow Journalism, which includes graphic horrors, sex, and crime. He died on October 29, 1911, in South Carolina, USA.
Pulitzer Prize is the award bestowed to capable and talented journalists, photo-journalists, artists, and musicians. The medals are awarded under the categories such as online journalism, literature, music composition, newspaper, and magazine of the whole world.
Joseph Pulitzer – Picture Courtesy- Wikimedia
Pulitzer was inaugurated in 1917. Joseph Pulitzer, the publisher who donated all his money for this prize at Columbia University, propelled the journalism School and stabilized the award. The total worth of the scholarship and the price is almost 250K dollars. The first Pulitzer prize was received on 4th June 1917.
The Pulitzer Medal – Picture Courtesy: Wikipedia
The first recipient of the Pulitzer prize was Ambassador Jean Jules Jusserand for a fantastic book about America’s history. Ambassador Jean J. Jusserand was a French diplomat and author. During the 1st World War, he was the French Ambassador in the USA. The book’s name that fetched him the Pulitzer Prize was “With Americans of Past and Present Days.” His other literary works are:-
- English Essays from French Pen(1895)
- The School of Ambassadors and other essays (1925)
- What Me Befell(1933)
Ambassador Jean Jules Jusserand – Picture Courtesy: Wikipedia
CATEGORIES OF PULITZER PRIZE
There are several categories under which the Pulitzer Prize is awarded:-
It is one of the fourteen prizes awarded for journalism. The editorial, cartoon, journal, or column capable of achieving public welfare. One of the most famous articles was printed by the New York Times, which won the Pulitzer, “for its public service in publishing in full so many official reports, documents, and speeches by European statesmen relating to the progress and conduct of the war.”
The front page of the New York Times, which won the Pulitzer Prize-Picture Courtesy-Wikimedia
BREAKING NEWS REPORTING
This award was stored for the reporters who showed excellent work on spot news reporting. This award was awarded to deserving candidates since 1953.
An aircraft crashed in Jamaica Bay, on March 1, 1962-Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia.
This category started in 1953 for journalists who were successful in their attempt in investigative reporting. In the year 1953, the New York World-Telegram & Sun, where the reporter, Edward Joseph Mowery, won the Pulitzer Prize for the report of the facts about the freedom of Louis Hoffner.
This type of reporting is mainly about the news, which throws lights on the cases which are having significant issues. The first Pulitzer prize was in the year 1948. George E. Goodwin achieved the Pulitzer Prize for the news of The Telfair County votes for fraud,1947.
Since 1985, explanatory reporting was a category under which the Pulitzer Prize has been awarded. The explanatory reporting includes Complex cases, lucid writing, neat presentation, and the entire group of the subject. For example, David Barstow, Susanne Craig, Russ Buettner revealed Donald Trump’s finance, which he named as a self-made wealth and a business empire divulged as a tax dodger.
Russ Buettner (left), David Barstow, and Susanne Craig accept the 2019 Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting from Columbia University President Lee Bollinger-Picture Courtesy- Pulitzer.org
In 1942, national reporting was considered a category under journalism. From the year 1942-47, the name of the category was Telegraphic reporting- National. In 1942, Louis Stark received the award for his distinguished labor stories.
This category stresses upon news based on international affairs, including the United Nations Association. Global reporting is previously known as telegraphic reporting- International. In 2017, the New York Times Staff won The Pulitzer Prize for assessing Vladimir Putin’s project Russia’s Power Abroad, unraveling techniques which they are going to use in the assassination, online harassment, and pieces of evidence against opponents.
The New York Stuff receiving The Pulitzer Prize-Picture Courtesy- Pulitzer.org
It is another journalism based category of the Pulitzer Prize. From the year 1979, this category was introduced. The category considered magnificent literary skills and plagiarized-free pieces of writing. Jon D Franklin won for his book Mrs. Kelly’s Monsters, a book about brain surgery.
The Columbia University Graduate school personally operated this category for Journalism. This award is best for the people who have extraordinary commentary skills and use journalism as a remarkable tool. It is one of the fourteen journalism based Awards by the Pulitzer Prize. Marquis W Childs was the awardee of The Pulitzer Prize for his commentary as a correspondent in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Marquis W. Childs won Pulitzer for his extraordinary Commentary in 1970- Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
Columbia University specially chooses the Nominees of this category. The awardee should possess an excellent Criticism skill and should be a distinguished critical writer in the newspaper columns. In the year 1970, Ada Louise Huxtable won the Pulitzer Prize for her esteemed criticism.
Ada Louise Huxtable-Picture Courtesy- Wikimedia
This category is one of the other fourteen types of the Pulitzer Prize. It is another category based on journalism. The Awardee is eligible for this prize if he or she has a particular model purpose and reasoning, outstanding quality of writing, and Intensity to motivate the readers and public. The first Pulitzer prize under the category was awarded in 1917. For example, Hodding Carter won the Pulitzer under this category in 1946. However, the first award was awarded in 1917.
William Hodding Carter- Picture Courtesy- Wikimedia
This category falls under Photojournalism. This award was first awarded in the year 1968. Under this category, the first awardee was Toshio Sakai For his extraordinary and outstanding photograph of the Vietnam War. The latest awardees are from India. The names are Dar Yasin, Channi Anand, and Mukhtar Khan.
The extraordinary Photograph of Vietnam War-Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
From the year 1922, this award of editorial cartooning has been awarded to the most eligible Nominee. The first recipient of this award was Rollin Kirby for his cartoon, New York World. However, Rollin Kirby was the winner for 1922,1925,1929. In 2020, Barry Blitt was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his comic ‘THE NEW YORKER,’ which depicts Trump’s White House.
The New Yorker by Barry Blitt- Picture Courtesy- Pulitzer.org
BREAKING NEWS PHOTOGRAPHY
This award has been awarded since the year 1968. Since the year 2000, this award is known as breaking news photography, and previously it was known as spot news photography. The first award was achieved by Rocco Morabito For his phenomenal photograph, the “kiss of life.” At that time, this was known as spot news photography. The latest awardee under the category, breaking news photography, is Reuters’ staff in 2019.
Kiss of Life-Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
There are other categories under which the Pulitzer Prize also was awarded. They are as follows:-
THE PULITZER WINNING PHOTOGRAPHER AND THEIR PHOTOGRAPHS
‘THE FORD STRIKE RIOT’ By MILTON BROOKS
The award-winning picture of the Ford Strike Riot Was clicked by Milton Brooks the year 1941. This picture depicts the strike in front of the Ford company where the Strikers had beaten the strikebreaker badly. Milton Brooks also shared a delightful experience and said that he had hidden the camera quickly under his coat to protect the picture as it could have been wrecked if noticed.
The For Strike Riot by Milton Brooks- Picture Courtesy-Wikimedia
‘WATER’ BY FRANK NOEL
Frank Noel won the Pulitzer for his picture ‘WATER’ in the year 1943. Frank Noel covered India during WWII as a representative of AP. The picture speaks for the years of World War II. Noel suffered from Malaria but paid passage for The British freighter, although the Japanese Torpedo drowned it. Frank Noel reached the shore after three days. He came across another lifeboat where an Indian sailor wanted some water from him. There he captured that moment in that picture.
The WATER by Frank Noel- Picture Courtesy-Wikimedia
‘THE HOMECOMING’ BY EARLE L. BUNKER
Earle L. Bunker won the Pulitzer award in the year 1944 for this exclusive picture of a soldier who came home after the second world war. Earle Waited for 24 hours in the station to click this picture. In the photo, lieutenant Colonel, Robert Moore, came from the 16 months Long War. The lieutenant colonel was also awarded the Distinguished Service Cross to lead his battalion against North Africa.
‘THE HOMECOMING’ BY Earle L. Bunker- picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
‘TARAWA ISLAND’ BY FRANK FILAN
Frank Filan clicked Tarawa Island. Frank Filan was a photographer from Associated Press(AP). He won The Pulitzer Prize in 1944 with Earle L. Bunker. The picture shows the dead people in the Japanese pillbox.
‘The Tarawa Island’ by Frank Filan-Picture Courtesy-Wikipedia
‘RAISING THE FLAG ON IWO JIMA’ BYJOE ROSENTHAL
Joe Rosenthal-Picture Courtesy-Wikipedia
Joe Rosenthal, the Pulitzer prize-winning photographer. He received the Pulitzer prize in the year 1945 for his iconic World War II picture ‘RAISING THE FLAG ON IWO JIMA.’ This picture of his was depicted as ‘The Frozen flash of history.’ The picture talks about the 6 United States Marines raising the United States of America’s flag in their final Pacific War. This picture is more iconic because the year of publication and winning the award was the same.
‘RAISING THE FLAG ON IWO JIMA’ by Joe Rosenthal-Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
‘A WOMAN LEAPING FROM A FIRE IN THE WINECOFF HOTEL’ BY ARNOLD HARDY
Arnold Hard was an amateur photographer at that time. He won the Pulitzer prize in 1947. The picture depicts the time when the Hotel Winecoff was on fire, and 119 people were killed. When the image was clicked, Arnold Hardy was only 24 at that time.
‘A woman leaping from a fire in the Winecoff Hotel’ BY ARNOLD HARDY- Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
’BOY GUNMAN AND HOSTAGE’ BY FRANK CUSHING
The picture depicts a 15-year-old boy who was hosted With a pistol At the time of a police standoff.
‘The Boy Gunman and Hostage’ by Frank Cushing-Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
‘BABE RUTH BOWS DOWN’ BY NAT FEIN
Nathaniel Fein was a well-known photographer who won the Pulitzer Prize for his outstanding photograph, Baby Ruth Bows Down. He won the prize in the year 1949. The picture was the back of Babe Ruth, and that year was his retirement year from the Yankees.
’Babe Ruth bows down’ By Nat Fein- Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
‘NEAR COLLISION AT AIR SHOW’ BY BILL CROUCH
Bill Crouch won the Pulitzer prize in 1950.
NEAR COLLISION AT AIR SHOW’ BY BILL CROUCH-Picture Courtesy- Wikipedia
‘FLIGHT OF REFUGEES ACROSS WRECKED BRIDGE IN KOREA’ BY MAX DES FOR
This picture depicted the Korean War scenario in North Korea, which was covered by Max Desfor. This is a Pulitzer-winning photograph clicked in the year 1950, December 4. The picture shows the bridges that destroyed the Bridge in the Taedong river in Pyongyang, North Korea.
‘Flight of Refugees Across Wrecked Bridge in Korea By Max Desfor- Picture Courtesy– Wikipedia
THE LATEST PULITZER WINNERS AND THEIR WORKS
WINNER OF FEATURE PHOTOGRAPHY 2020
Chennai Anand is a Jammu-based journalist. The photographer risked his life and clicked some unexpected photograph, which is the Indo-Pak battlefield’s dreadful situation and showing the violence and the sufferings of the local people. His photograph shows the risk our Border Security Force(BSF) is taking to protect us. He is one of the three Pulitzer Prize winners of this year under the category of feature photography.
The border security force officer keeping his Hawkeye on the enemies- picture courtesy- Channi Anand
Mukhtar Khan was one of the three Pulitzer prize-winning photographers who won the prize under the category featured photography. He is also a Kashmir based photographer. He covered many of these types of stories in his career and captured remarkable stories with his camera.
The Muslim devotees praying outside the shrine of Sheikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jeelani in Srinagar-Picture courtesy- Mukhtar Khan
Please also be one of the three awardees of Pulitzer this year under the category of feature photography. He is also a Kashmir-based Indian. His career covered the Afghan war, the earthquake in South Asia and its aftermath, & Kashmir. His works are successfully published in the majority of the newspaper of India.
The protestant attacking the call of the Jammu Kashmir police-Picture courtesy-Dar Yasin
WINNER OF FEATURE PHOTOGRAPHY 2019
In the year 2019, the Pulitzer Prize winner under the category feature photography was Lorenzo Tugnoli. He is a photojournalist based in Beirut, Italy. One of the best works was the pictures in the book, The little book of Kabul.
Tragic Famine in Yemen- picture courtesy- Lorenzo Tugnoli
WINNER OF FEATURE PHOTOGRAPHY 2018
In this year the winner of the Pulitzer prize under the category feature Geography was achieved by a staff of Reuters. The picture depicts the refugees from Myanmar going to the homeland, Bangladesh.
The refugees are coming from Myanmar to Bangladesh- picture courtesy- the staff of Reuter
TIPS FROM THE PULITZER WINNING PHOTOGRAPHERS
The Man bleeding was been arrested by police- Picture Courtesy- David Hume Kennerly
The Pulitzer winning photographer shared some of the fundamental but also constructive tips to enhance and improve the pictures’ quality. These steps are not only beneficial for the amateur but pros. The Pulitzer prize-winner shares these steps, David Hume Kennerly The top tips are as follows:-
Thinking is the most important tool
Before clicking any picture, we need to first concentrate and think about the image we want to take. With the help of this thought process, we can either make the picture outstanding or severely fail. Basic questions like ‘What I am going to show?’. ‘What I’m going to do with this picture?’. ‘What I want to show?’ are most important in this case. Therefore every professional photographer, as well as the prize-winning photographers, always follow this Thumb Rule.
Never hesitate to use filters apps and tools
When we are creating some pictures, we need to make it presentable as well as beautiful to look at. These tools’ apps filters are the keys to make the picture of the photograph presentable as well as attractive. Completing the view beautiful with the help of these tools filters is never wrong.
Editing is the MasterCard
Editing the pictures can change the whole game for the photographers. Editing plays a significant role in the presentation of the photograph. Through Editing, we need to find out the essential characteristics of the picture we want to highlight that will play as a trump card for our case.
Practice makes a man perfect
Like every art practice, it is the only part of achieving success. Practice, practice & practice is the superior Mantra of achieving excellence. If anybody wants to become a pro photographer, they need to work hard and work like there is no tomorrow, then only we can see a little ray of hope and Sunshine on the career we have chosen.
The whole concept of Pulitzer Prize is not only interesting but hard to achieve for everybody who wants to attain this can be a useful piece, but as it is just a blog, I could not sum up all the details and bits and pieces of Pulitzer Prize but why worry when Chiiz is with us.
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About the Author
Sagnika Guha is pursuing Sociology from Women’s Christian College. She loves to write stories, blogs, and dancing is her passionate love. She loves different types of pop music.